- Development of Spatial Cognition
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- The Development of Spatial Cognition
- Development of Spatial Cognition - Newcombe - - Major Reference Works - Wiley Online Library
Hood , Iain D. Does evidence from ethology support bicoded cognitive maps? Foreshortening affects both uphill and downhill slope perception at far distances Helen E. Grid maps for spaceflight, anyone? They are for free!
Development of Spatial Cognition
Has a fully three-dimensional space map never evolved in any species? A comparative imperative for studies of spatial cognition Cynthia F. Just the tip of the iceberg: The bicoded map is but one instantiation of scalable spatial representation structures Holger Schultheis , Thomas Barkowsky Behavioral and Brain Sciences , Volume 36 , Issue 5. Learning to navigate in a three-dimensional world: From bees to primates Adrian G.
Dyer , Marcello G. Making a stronger case for comparative research to investigate the behavioral and neurological bases of three-dimensional navigation Daniele Nardi , Verner P. Monkeys in space: Primate neural data suggest volumetric representations Sidney R. Lehky , Anne B. Sereno , Margaret E.
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Navigating through a volumetric world does not imply needing a full three-dimensional representation Claus-Christian Carbon , Vera M. Navigation bicoded as functions of x- y and time? James G. Phillips , Rowan P. Perceptual experience as a bridge between the retina and a bicoded cognitive map Frank H.
The planar mosaic fails to account for spatially directed action Roberta L. Klatzky , Nicholas A. The problem of conflicting reference frames when investigating three-dimensional space in surface-dwelling animals Francesco Savelli , James J. Spatial language as a window on representations of three-dimensional space Kevin J.
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The study of blindness and technology can reveal the mechanisms of three-dimensional navigation Achille Pasqualotto , Michael J. Think local, act global: How do fragmented representations of space allow seamless navigation? Paul A. Dudchenko , Emma R. Wood , Roderick M.
These together mediate and negotiate urban narratives and meanings. Cognitive load exceeding capacity hampers understanding space, and this is detrimental for the design discipline for it transforms and shapes the built environment and equally detrimental for the common user as a stakeholder of the shared space.
The new age Immersive visualization VR technology offers the experiential capacity and interface to negotiate an explicit understanding of space that can potentially bridge the chasm between what is envisaged and what is realized. The current methods and tools at the tertiary level do not engage and provide participants both Designers and users practical means to support the acquisition of spatial cognition.
The Development of Spatial Cognition
This paper aims to address this issue by exploring Immersive visualization both as a means and tool to integrate spatial reasoning in the visualisation process. The suitability of the proposed approach is evaluated by a series of trials where participants interacted with the technology on a task of virtual engagement with space. Interim understandings indicate that the approach offers an innovative medium for experientially facilitating spatial reasoning and spatial cognition. By mapping the understandings, this paper explores the opportunities for a rethink of design process that can positively impact on user centric approach to spatial design and further investigates literature on design psychology and cognitive processing to underpin the theoretical nuances of this approach.
By doing so, the paper demonstrates how the Immersive visualization interface by means of external cognition facilitates understanding of relationships between space and effect composition and aids spatial cognition. Spatial Cognition is concerned with the acquisition, organization, retrieval, utilization and manipulation of knowledge about spatial objects; environments.
Development of Spatial Cognition - Newcombe - - Major Reference Works - Wiley Online Library
By definition spatial cognition is the knowledge and internal or cognitive representation of the structure, entities, and relations of space; the internalized reflection and reconstruction of space in thought1. The cognitive systems include mental processes whose core components include thinking, imagining, perception, sensation, learning, memory, reasoning and problem-solving2.
This process of spatial cognition influences the dynamic relationships between the human psyche and our spatial environments. Our survival and existence is intrinsically related to this relationship between space and people. The translation of space into a mental image dictates our human cognition. It must fit the way in which our minds work: how we perceive and image and feel…there are regularities in these perceptions due to the structure of our senses and our brains. Research in the field of visual intelligence, navigation and spatial cognition has offered interesting insights that can be employed by designers to better understand this space-people relationship and develop design rationales and spatial layout that will better meet the needs of its user.
Our capacity to represent space in the mind forms the key element for both the designer and the end user to negotiate understandings and this capacity is a variable ability from person to person. Figure 1 is a theoretical representation of the varying levels of cognitive capacities that human minds can be bound by, which gives rise to a mental space that is not shared between stakeholders in all instances.
While these boundaries that limit the human cognitive capacity is fluid and can develop or deteriorate based various external factors. With academic training, the designer is more often equipped to think and reason spatially, and has traditionally relied on visual representation in form of 2D or 3D drawings to convey the spatial layout to other stakeholders.
This means that the mental construct of space is subjective and that the communication of the same to another person involves another process that requires specific skill sets such as artistry, in the more resent years use of digital software s to produce 2d and 3D spatial layouts. The negotiation of understandings of their own mental construct of space can take a form of verbal articulation with supporting visual aids.
This shows that the current means and tools at the tertiary level do not engage and provide participants both Designers and users practical means to support the acquisition of spatial cognition. The Design process instead relies heavily on the exchange of information with verbal and visual representations and arguable misrepresentations. These commonly have led to vast chasms in between what is imagined to what is represented and what is realized as the objective reality in the physical world.
Having established that subjective understanding of space mediates relationships with objective physical world and that spatial knowledge is acquired with static media such as 2D imagery, mapping and 3D models that can be both artistic and digital. Physical world entities are represented as Digital objects in spatial representation. In artificial intelligence, a representation is regarded as a set of conventions about how to describe a set of things 5.
We investigate whether the complex requirements for spatial processing affect the development of particular spatial cognitive capacities, and parse out the effects of different sensory and language experiences. Language and spatial representation are attributes for which the two hemispheres in deaf people show different specializations, as our research has shown.
In a series of studies we directly examine the development of brain organization for language and space. Experimental studies address the link between early hand dominance for sign and brain organization, experimental probes of spatial language and spatial cognition, and event related potential studies of the neural systems underlying the onset of signing in deaf infants. These studies will allow an understanding of the determinants of brain organization for higher cognitive functions.
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